Strasbourg (French pronunciation: [stʁaz.buʁ]; Lower Alsatian: Strossburi, [ˈʃd̥rɔːsb̥uri]; German:Straßburg, [ˈʃtʁaːsbʊɐ̯k]) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace region in eastern France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located close to the border with Germany, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin département. The city and the region of Alsace were historically allemanic-speaking, which explains the city's Germanic name. In 2006, the city proper had 272,975 inhabitants and itsurban community 467,375 inhabitants. With 759,868 inhabitants in 2010, Strasbourg's metropolitan area(only the part of the metropolitan area on French territory) is the ninth largest in France. The transnationalEurodistrict Strasbourg-Ortenau had a population of 884,988 inhabitants in 2008.
Strasbourg is the seat of several European institutions, such as the Council of Europe (with itsEuropean Court of Human Rights, its European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and its European Audiovisual Observatory) and the Eurocorps, as well as the European Parliament and the European Ombudsman of the European Union. The city is also the seat of the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine and the International Institute of Human Rights.
Strasbourg's historic city centre, the Grande Île (Grand Island), was classified a World Heritage site byUNESCO in 1988, the first time such an honour was placed on an entire city centre. Strasbourg is immersed in the Franco-German culture and although violently disputed throughout history, has been a bridge of unity between France and Germany for centuries, especially through the University of Strasbourg, currently the second largest in France, and the coexistence of Catholic and Protestantculture. The largest Islamic place of worship in France, the Strasbourg Grand Mosque, was inaugurated by French Interior Minister Manuel Valls on 27 September 2012.
Economically, Strasbourg is an important centre of manufacturing and engineering, as well as a hub of road, rail, and river transportation. The port of Strasbourg is the second largest on the Rhine afterDuisburg, Germany. In terms of city ranking for innovation, Strasbourg has been ranked the third city in France and 18th globally.
below the current Église Saint-Étienne in 1948 and 1956 unearthed the apse of a church dating back to the late fourth or early fifth century, considered to be the oldest church in Alsace. It is supposed that this was the first seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Strasbourg.
The Alemanni fought a Battle of Argentoratum against Rome in 357. They were defeated by Julian, later Emperor of Rome, and their King Chonodomarius was taken prisoner. On 2 January 366, the Alemanni crossed the frozen Rhine in large numbers to invade the Roman Empire. Early in the fifth century, the Alemanni appear to have crossed the Rhine, conquered, and then settled what is today Alsace and a large part of Switzerland
Strasbourg is on the eastern border of France, on the Ill River where it flows into the Rhine on the border with Germany, across from the German town Kehl. The city lies in the Upper Rhine Plain, a major axis of north-south travel, approximately 20 km (12 mi) east of the Vosges Mountains and 25 km (16 mi) west of the Black Forest.
Strasbourg's location in the Rhine valley, sheltered from the dominant winds by the Vosges and Black Forest mountains, results in poor natural ventilation making Strasbourg one of the most atmospherically polluted cities of France. Nonetheless, the progressive disappearance of heavy industry on both banks of the Rhine, as well as effective measures of traffic regulation in and around the city have reduced air pollution. The Grand contournement ouest(GCO) project, programmed since 1999, plans to construct a 24 km (15 mi) long highway connection between the junctions of the A 4 and the A 35autoroutes in the north and of the A4 and the A352 and A35 autoroutes in the south, meant to divest a significant portion of motorized traffic from the unité urbaine
Train services operate from Gare de Strasbourg eastward to Offenburg and Karlsruhe in Germany, westward to Metz and Paris, and southward to Basel. Strasbourg's links with the rest of France have improved due to its recent connection to the TGV network, with the first phase of the TGV Est (Paris–Strasbourg) in 2007, the TGV Rhin-Rhône (Strasbourg-Lyon) in 2012, and the second phase of the TGV Est (currently planned to open in 2016).
City transportation in Strasbourg is served by a futurist-looking tram system that has been operated since 1994 by the regional transit company Compagnie des Transports Strasbourgeois and as of 2010 consists of 6 lines (A, B, C, D, E and F) adding up to a total of 55.8 km (34.7 mi). A former tram system, partly following different routes, had been operating since 1878 but was ultimately dismantled in 1960.
The tram system that now criss-crosses the historic city centre complements walking and biking in it. The centre has been transformed into a pedestrian priority zone that enables and invites walking and biking by making these active modes of transport comfortable, safe and enjoyable. These attributes are accomplished by applying the principle of"filtered permeability" to the existing irregular network of streets. It means that the network adaptations favour active transportation and, selectively, "filter out" the car by reducing the number of streets that run through the centre. While certain streets are discontinuous for cars, they connect to a network of pedestrian and bike paths which permeate the entire centre. In addition, these paths go through public squares and open spaces increasing the enjoyment of the trip (see drawing). This logic of filtering a mode of transport is fully expressed in a comprehensive model for laying out neighbourhoods and districts – the Fused Grid Being a city next to the Rhine and along some of its most important canals (Marne-Rhine Canal, Grand Canal d'Alsace), while crossed by the Ill, Strasbourg has always been an important centre of fluvial navigation, as is attested by archeological findings as well as the important activity of the ''Port autonome de Strasbourg. Water tourism inside the city proper attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists yearly.
Strasbourg is divided into the following districts:
Strasbourg is the seat of internationally renowned institutions of music and drama:
Other theatres are the Théâtre jeune public, the TAPS Scala, the Kafteur...
Notre Dame (Notre Dame) Cathedral: Gothic architecture, having a typical astronomical clock and terrace overlooks the panoramic view you that attention
Petite France (La Petite France): a canal flowing section of the wood framing around the building are very symbolic.
Blick hepyu square (La Place de la République): Germany Period (1871-1918 ) played a central role in the plaza made.
European Agency Area : Council of Europe (Conseil de l'Europe): the European Court of Human Rights (Cour européenne des Droits de l'Homme), the European Parliament (Parlement Européen) ...
Joan Palais (Le Palais Rohan, 18 century) and Museum:
Museum of Contemporary Art
Lighting installation for the cathedral : the darkness falls , Notre Dame (Notre-Dame) vs. Cathedral reopens with lights and music .
Summer concert : a large image of Strasbourg every night , light and laser show and music unfolds a variety of harmony .
Strasbourg Christmas market every year since 1570 to open. The main events of the Christmas season is a beautiful and colorful.
Explore the city with a professional guide in a tour around the city's main landmarks and tourist attractions see : the cathedral , the old town , alleys , streets , etc.
City tours throughout the year to offer a variety of themes .
Starting position (minimum 5 persons ): Tourist Information Office (Office de Tourisme), 17, place de la Cathédrale.
Available throughout the year , and a total of 11 languages in progress , and can be selected : French , German, English, Italian, Russian, Spanish , Dutch, Japanese, Chinese, Esperanto + 4 different versions of the language services for children
Historic sites and Petite France (Petite France), Vauban (Vauban) Dam , for passing the cathedral and the route of the main tourist attractions .
Announcement in various languages ready .
From: vs. Cathedral Square (place de la Cathédrale) / duration : 40 minutes
Strasbourg in France is one of the largest bike paths provided. Length of 500 km of bike paths , and parks and gardens is passed , the composition along the canal in the heart of the historic downtown area , as well as to enjoy the natural environment can be .
Bicycle and roller skates are many places where you can rent a room.
TGV Est européen: Paris Charles de Gaulle airport in 2 hours and 20 minutes , or partnership
Paris (Paris), Lille (Lille), Rennes (Rennes), Nantes (Nantes), Bordeaux (Bordeaux), Stuttgart (Stuttgart), Zurich (Zurich) through
TGV Reims - Ron Rhin-Rhône (2011 년 12 월 11) : Lyon (Lyon) in 3 hours and 40 minutes , Marseille (Marseille) 5 hours, 30 minutes